Category

Bioclimatic

In order to make informed design choices, it is necessary to consider the relationship between the architectural artefact and the context. It is important to evaluate some elements such as the climate, the natural phenomena that affect the intervention area, the geomorphology of the place, the altitude, the passage of the sun, the behavior of the gaseous masses, the possible presence of vegetation and mirrors of water. In fact, through the exploitation of renewable resources, we contribute to energy saving and respect for the environment.
The first source of vital importance is the sun which acts differently depending on the geographical position, the shape of the terrain and the presence of obstacles in the place of intervention. The solar contribution varies based on the inclination of the sun’s rays which act directly (from the sun), indirectly (diffused in the atmosphere) or reflected (from other surfaces) on the earth’s surface, with a greater intensity during the summer. The sun therefore provides useful energy for heating the building and its natural lighting. The second factor that influences the thermal comfort of a building is represented by the wind. Through thermal convection, the flow of external air removes heat from the building, contributing to its passive cooling. This natural phenomenon also improves air quality.
Masses of water and vegetation constitute another indispensable natural element. The former, through evaporation, remove heat from the surrounding environment, cooling it. However, it is important that there is correct ventilation in the presence of bodies of water, to avoid the formation of humidity which would not benefit thermal comfort. Vegetation has various functions: shading, barrier to excessive wind and noise, improvement of the local microclimate and maintenance of the plant species. All these resources act on the individually built environment and their interaction improves the performance potential of the artefact, guaranteeing the consequent psycho-physical well-being of the individual.

related cad block categories

Bioclimatic

Air conditioning

Radiant systems

related cad blocks

Tree energy balance

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Bioclimatic 01

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Surface heat

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Sun path chart 01

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Wind and trees-01

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Wind and trees-02

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Wind and trees – 03

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Wind and trees – 04

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Wind and buildings 01

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Wind and buildings 02

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Urban heat island

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“The court of the future”

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Radiant landscape

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Heat exchanges

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Wind in urban areas

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